The latest report from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) shows that for the first time, children born to parents who are not working earn less than their counterparts in similar situations in their countries.
The report shows that parents with two or more children in their home earn less on average than their children who do not share a home.
“The fact that children born in a household with a single parent earn less has been widely reported, but the OECD has also published a detailed report that shows the actual difference is much larger than the media narrative,” says Sofia Bremner, a researcher at the OECD.
“This is an indicator of the social, economic and political impacts of the situation.”‘
We have a social divide’ When I asked Bremener if she had heard of a study that linked having a child with the family’s social standing, she said “we have a lot of people who think that it is a negative factor.”
This is because, she says, having children is seen as a sign of the family living a “very rich and successful life”, which makes parents financially secure.
But “when you look at the actual income of the parents, they don’t even have the same income as the other parents”.
It is a fact that the OECD report shows “is not being reflected in the public discourse”.
The OECD report, titled “Gender Inequality in Child Care: What’s Working and What’s Not”, found that while it is true that women are more likely to have children in the first place, the difference in their earnings does not translate into higher income for their children.
In fact, women who have children earn on average 7.6 per cent less than those who do no longer have children, the report says.
But the OECD does note that “even though the gender pay gap is still wider than in the US, in countries where mothers work outside the home, women earn on an average 4.6 times more than men”.
It points out that there is also a significant gap in childcare costs, as many women have paid for childcare themselves.
The OECD also shows that the gender gap in earnings between men and women is also narrowing.
While women earn more than their male counterparts, the gap in wages between men who have kids and those who don’t is widening, the OECD says.
“Gender inequality in child care has been a longstanding topic, but it has now been systematically analysed and it has been found to be widening in countries that have adopted a childcare system with more flexible work arrangements,” Bremerer said.
“In many countries, this is the first step towards equality for women.
In countries where women are working, the gender inequality is even worse, as men are still paid less than women.”
‘It’s a shame that we have to raise kids in poverty’ The OECD, a body that promotes equality between the sexes, has also found that more than half of children born today are from low-income families.
In 2016, more than 40 per cent of the births in developing countries were to women.
For children born between 2012 and 2016, that figure is at 46 per cent.
The research also found the average income of a single mother living in a poor country is nearly five times higher than that of a mother who does not live in a developing country.
“When we look at income, we also need to look at employment status, education, and living standards.
In most countries, single mothers are much more likely than single fathers to have low education and a low income,” Bresnahan said.
But she said that this “does not mean that we are doing the right thing by raising children in poverty”.
“I don’t think it is about raising children.
If we want to see more equality, we need to address the underlying causes of inequality.
That’s why I believe it is important for all countries to adopt a childcare policy that does not create more inequality,” she said.
And, she added, “it is a shame, because we have a moral obligation to help poor women in developing nations in a variety of ways”.
“We should be helping poor women to have a better life, but we should also do our bit for the children of poor women,” she added.